Política migratoria de fronteras abiertas: Un paso hacia la justicia global

Juan Carlos VELASCO

Resumen


En este artículo se arguye a favor de un mundo en donde las fronteras abiertas sean la regla y no la excepción. Para ello, se presentan dos tipos de argumentos. El primero se basa en el reconocimiento general del ius migrandi como un derecho fundamental de las personas. Además de un modo idóneo de ordenar los actuales flujos migratorios, una política migratoria de fronteras abiertas es preferible, al menos desde un punto de vista normativo, a las habituales políticas diseñadas para controlar o bloquear las fronteras mediante la construcción de muros. El segundo se asienta sobre una concepción global de la justicia distributiva desarrollada por los igualitaristas cosmopolitas, se sostiene que una política de puertas abiertas –o, en su defecto, un modelo de compensación económica– constituiría un modo de
responder a las enormes desigualdades existentes entre los países.


Palabras clave


política de inmigración; control fronterizo; derechos humanos; soberanía del Estado; justicia global distributiva

DOI:

http://dx.doi.org/10.17428/rmi.v8i4.626

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